How can a data scientist start using deep learning today and make an immediate impact?
That was my motivation to enter a worldwide data science competition. I am excited to share a brief description of my experience using fast.ai to attempt this multi-label image classification Kaggle competition.
With little experience in deep learning, I was able to achieve results that would currently put my submission around 13th place in the competition, or top 15%. This is no statement about my own abilities, but a testament to the power and simplicity of what is offered by fast.ai. Unfortunately I missed the initial entry deadline for the competition, but will share the code used here. This post is not meant in any way to be a guide to best practices, but rather another example of how a data scientist can start using deep learning today.
Fast.ai is a wonderful open source resource for practitioners and data scientists to incorporate world class deep learning into their daily analytical challenges. Jeremy Howard and Rachel Thomas have provided an easy to use api and set of straight forward instructions and examples to demystify neural networks and give practical guidance to the everyday user. Besides providing this helpful and benevolent service, they also donate proceeds to a charity. Kudos to Jeremy and Rachel for their kind service to the ‘little’ guy; you don’t need to work at Google to solve difficult challenges well.
I followed fairly closely the code presented in lesson 3. The little work required was involved in setting up the GPU environment in paperspace (machine for $0.4/hr) following Jeremy’s instructions, downloading the images, creating csv files from the provided jsons for the datasets and running the models. Making the mistake of not sampling and training over all of the data turned out to be a good opportunity to test a background shell script running overnight (prior to this step, every time the connection to paperspace failed, a restart of jupyter notebook was required).
To download the images, I borrowed from this script provided by a fellow kaggler. His script was edited to increase the maximum number of files downloaded and change the quality of the jpgs from 90% to 100%. Following Jeremy’s tip the Chrome extension curlwget was used to download the python script directly to the paperspace GPU machine. The file download.sh was created with the following lines to download the images given the urls:
python -u script.py train.json train python -u script.py test.json test python -u script.py validation.json validation
And was run in the background with this command, allowing a check on progress periodically in the output text file downloadOut:
nohup sh download.sh > downloadOut &
This simple python function was written to parse the json files to a format acceptable to the fast.ai api
def createImageCSV(_dataset): fn ='data/imaterialist/'+_dataset+'.json' outfn='data/imaterialist/'+_dataset+'.csv' f = open(fn, 'r') outf = open(outfn, 'w') data = json.load(f) ano = data["annotations"] for ano in data["annotations"]: imageId = ano["imageId"] labelId = ano["labelId"] outf.write(imageId + ".jpg," + ' '.join(labelId)+'\n') f.close outf.close createImageCSV('train') createImageCSV('validation')
In this jupyter notebook, I assessed a sample image and the distribution of image sizes in the training set.
Here is the code used to train the model, incrementing in data size from 64x64 to 128X128 to 300X300. The code took about a day to run on the $.4.hr GPU machine in paperspace, run in the background via the file
trainModel.sh with this command
python -u iMaterialist.py
and launched with this command
nohup sh trainModel.sh > trainModelOut &
It would have been much faster if I had simply sampled to a smaller set.
The test results of the saved model are reviewed here. The final f2 metric (I believe slightly different than what was dictated by the competition, but comparable) was 0.5657 which would have put TDS approximately in 13th place at the time of writing this post.